.45-70 ammunition is a former military cartridge developed by the US Army and used in the "Trapdoor" Springfield Model 1873. Effective against man-sized targets out to 300 yards, the .45-70 was a powerful cartridge for its time and was used in both rifles and Gatling guns.
.45-70 cartridges fire heavy 300 or 400 grain bullets at muzle velocities in the 1,500 to 2,000 feet per second range. This gives them excellent close-range performance but significant drop-off at a distance. As a result, modern use of this caliber typically involves hunting in areas with dense vegetation; in these environments, the .45-70 can be used against everything from deer and hogs to bears.
Despite its length, the .45-70 has also been used in revolvers such as the Magnum Research BFR. Shooters of these "hand cannons" must be steady-handed and strong of wrist!
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